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Ocular Disease

eye disease diagnosis

We provide diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases that affect the human eye and visual system.  Some examples include:

Dry Eye Syndrome occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is interrupted, or the tear film is abnormal. In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a lifelong problem. You can relieve the symptoms but not cure the original cause. Artificial tear lubricants or in some cases blocking the tear ducts will concentrate the limited tears that are available.

Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped. The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe. This distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins. The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision. Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas-permeable contact lenses designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface. If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.

Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition when a diabetic person’s blood sugar gets too high. High blood-sugar levels start a series of events that end in damaged blood vessel walls. As such, the blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, causing the retina to swell and form deposits know as exudates. Vision can be lost if these spots are not watched and treated. Here at our office, we carefully examine the back of your eyes to follow and manage this and other important eye diseases.

Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye. This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens. When light enters the eye, it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred. There are many different types of cataracts. In a cortical cataract, the opacity forms first at the periphery of the lens and develops inward, like spokes of a wheel. Ultimately, the best treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an acrylic manmade lens. This is referred to as cataract surgery.

Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the back of the eye loses blood circulation. It is considered a natural aging process. There is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region. As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes. It is believed that this breakdown may be due to a lack of nutrients being supplied to the region. Additional studies have found a genetic link to this disease. Treatment can involve better nutritional management, sometimes including a tablet containing the primary minerals and vitamins that are found lacking in many macular-degenerated patients.

eye disease treatment

Dr. Rains' office offers two ways to view the retina to detect diseases of the eye. Mydriacyl is a drop that will dilate the eyes, which will blur the patient's vision and cause light sensitivity for approximately 6 hours, or you can have retinal photos done. The photos are a new technology for us to see the retina without having to dilate for approximately 98% of patients, and the cost for this is only $25.00. It’s well worth it so you don’t have to leave blurred, and we can compare and monitor your retinas more closely on a yearly basis.