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228-388-1115

Ocular Trauma

Examination

Eye injuries can occur at any time. Our office is equipped to handle most eye injuries. The primary instrument we use is a biomicroscope, sometimes referred to as a slit lamp. The biomicroscope has a high magnification and is particularly designed to aid us in evaluating the extent of an eye injury. Whether it is a laceration, foreign particle embedded or a burn, the biomicroscope is the primary tool to carefully examine the injury.

ocular trauma examination
prevent eye injury

Embedded Foreign Bodies

A common injury is a hot iron metallic foreign body embedded in the cornea. Grinding or drilling in iron or other metals will release particles that are hot, and when they hit the eye, they embed themselves in the cornea. If it is iron, as in this example, it will immediately begin to rust due to the salty consistency of our tears. When the metal particle is removed, there is a remaining rust deposit that has infiltrated the surrounding cornea. We have experience with removing these rust spots. With proper medical treatment, these injuries resolve well.

If the foreign particle was embedded in the central visual axis of the cornea, there may be a scar remaining, which could affect the patient’s ultimate visual acuity. Safety glasses are always recommended to prevent these types of injuries.

Retinal Trauma

Contusions, otherwise referred to as a "black eye," can result in more than just the obvious bruises on the face. The retina is the nerve tissue that senses light and lines the back of the eye. There is a blood vessel layer under the retina. This is very delicate and sensitive tissue.

Retinal Hemorrhages

A compression type of injury can knock the retina loose and cause bleeding underneath. Both retinal hemorrhage and retinal detachment can result in blindness to the affected eye. Immediate examination and subsequent treatment is needed in these types of injuries.

retinal injury exam
emergency eye care

Emergency Eye Care

If you have symptoms of "flashes of light" in your vision when there is no light to explain the flashes, this could mean that there is something happening on the back of the eye. The eye does not have any pain sensors, so flashes are your best clue that there is something wrong. In contrast, the cornea (the clear window on the front of the eye) has more nerve pain sensors than any other part of the body. Injury to the cornea can be incredibly painful. However, in both cases, immediate treatment is needed. Our office staff is well trained to know how to expedite the treatment of these types of injuries. Call immediately when an injury occurs. We are here to help.

For emergencies during business hours, call 228-388-1115.
For emergencies after business hours, call 228-324-3356.